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Academic Honesty and Plagiarism | Citation styles

Acknowledging Sources

Why, and When to Cite

"To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use another person's work. This means that whenever you use information obtained from another source including ideas, examples, theories or opinions, you must give a full reference to that source." [1]

Resources from the Language and Learning Skills Unit:

How to Cite

Systems for acknowledging sources are called styles of citation. There are many styles of citation. The following four styles are commonly used in the Engineering Faculty:

  • ACS - American Chemical Society
    (can be an author date or numbered style)
  • ASCE - American Society of Civil Engineers
    (an author date style)
  • Harvard
    (an author date style)
  • IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
    (a numbered style)

See your lecturer or supervisor if you are unsure about which style to use. Whichever style you use in an assignment, aim to use it consistently.

Writing and citing: books in the library

  • J. Summers and B. Smith, Communication Skills Handbook: How to Succeed in Written and Oral Communication, Milton Queensland: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
    [A practical overview of communication skills, with tips on the Harvard or author/date style of citation.]
  • Snooks & Co, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th ed., Milton Queensland: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
    [Detailed guide to writing and publishing. See chapter 9 on references and bibliographies. Has extensive examples of references using the Harvard or author/date style of citation.]
  • M. van Leunen, A Handbook for Scholars, 2nd ed., New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
    [Extremely readable - even entertaining - guide to principles of scholarly writing and citing.]

[1] Acknowledging Sources, Resources & Links - Language and Learning Skills Unit [online] 2002, http://www.services.unimelb.edu.au/llsu/resources/ref009.html (Accessed: 3 November 2004)
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