Sensational Tales: Australian Popular Publishing 1850s-1990s
Magazines play a key role in establishing and maintaining a literary culture by providing writers with the opportunity to earn a regular income and by giving broad exposure to new writing.
The first attempt at magazine publishing in Australia was the Australian Magazine, or Compendium of religious, literary and miscellaneous intelligence (1821-22).
Many more such experiments followed, but the first to achieve lasting success was the Australian Journal established by the Melbourne publisher AH Massina in 1865.
By the early twentieth century the success of other magazines, such as the Bulletin and Lone Hand, had created an environment in which writing could be at least a viable means of supplementing an income.