The following instructions and examples are based on
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. 7th ed. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009.
The MLA citation style uses parenthetical (in text) citations to identify an alphabetical list of references that appears at the end of the paper.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, Various formats should be used depending upon the type of source and the way that the source is used.
References in the list of works cited at the end of the paper are to be arranged as follows; Begin each entry flush with the left margin For entries that run for more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines. This format is sometimes called hanging indentation. Double space the entire list both between and within entries. References are listed alphabetically by the author's last name. If there is no author, alphabetise by the title. References in the text must clearly point to specific sources in the list of works cited. All entries in a reference list, whether they are print or electronic, must now include the medium in which they have been published (Print, Web, DVD, Television, etc.).
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