Book with three or more authors
Entry in Reference List
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of publication). Title of book (Edition). Place of publication: Publisher.
For example - In text citation
In a major study (Sharp, Peters, & Howard, 2002) ....
Sharp, Peters, and Howard (2002) have argued that ...
...as argued (Sharp et al., 2002)
Sharp et al. (2002) argued...
- Cite all authors (surnames and initials) the first time the reference appears, then for subsequent references, use et al. (not italicized).
- For in-text citation, include the names of three to five authors the first time the citation appears. Subsequently include only the name of the first author followed by et al. (not italicised) and (in parentheses) the year. Within one paragraph, you can omit the year for non-parenthetical subsequent citations.
- In-text, for six or more auhtors, cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and, in parentheses, the year.
- Use an ampersand in parenthetical in-text citations between the last two authors' names (but spell out and when the authors' names are included in the narrative).
- Distinguish references that would otherwise be identical by adding information such as a first name (in brackets) or an additional author.
- Book titles are italicized.
- Capitalization - Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns.
- If pages are being directly referenced in the text, include the page number/s in the in-text citation after the year.
- Details about edition, volume number or chapter page range are placed in parentheses directly after the title, with the period after the parentheses, e.g., (2nd ed.). or (Rev. ed.). or (Vol. 26).