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Facebook & Twitter post

Message posted on Facebook or Twitter: because online social media are not commonly used for scholarly research, the Publication Manual has not yet provided specific instructions for citing. However, the APA website gives the following suggestions (

Entry in Reference List

Screen name OR Author, A. [screen name] (Year, Month day). Whole post if short; a truncated version if long. [Twitter post] OR [Facebook update]. Retrieved from exact web address

For example - In text citation


Julia Gillard committed her government . . . (Gillard, 2011).

Irish writers are bucking the trend . . . (G@GuardianBooks, 2011).

Style notes




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