Secondary source in a journal article
Entry in Reference List
Authors Year of publication, Title of book, Publisher, Place of publication.
For example - Reference List
Gholson, B & Barker, PAuthors of secondary source
1985,Year of publication
'Kuhn, Lakatos, and Laudan: applications in the history of physics and psychology',Title of article - secondary source (within single quotation marks)
American Psychologist,Name of publication - secondary source(italicized)
pp. 755-69.Page numbers
Optional - details of primary source (book)
Lakatos, IAuthor of primary source
1963,Year of publication
Proofs and refutations,Title of book - primary source (italicized)
London.Place of publication
In text citation
According to Lakatos (cited in Gholson & Barker 1985), scientists justifiably continue ...
... the process continued (Lakatos cited in Gholson & Barker 1985).
- Give the secondary source in the reference list. In the text refer to the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Lakatos's work is cited in Gholson and Barker and you did not read the original work by Lakatos, list the Gholson and Barker reference in the reference list. In the text use the phrase 'cited in' inside brackets.
- Optionally the details of the primary source can also be included in the reference list (if considered useful to the reader).
- Italicize the name of the journal/publication. Use maximal capitalization - capitalize the first and all major words of the journal name. Give the journal name in full e.g. Journal of Immunology not J Immunol
- Article titles are contained within single quotation marks and are not italicized. Use minimal capitalization - capitalize only the first word of the article title and any proper nouns. Include both article title and subtitle regardless of length e.g. 'Still moving: between cinema and photography'.
- If the journal is part of a series include the series title in the citation. Series titles are not italicized and are placed after the journal name. Use minimal capitalization.
- There is no comma or full-stop between the author and year of publication. Commas are used to separate all other elements. The reference entry finishes with a full-stop.
- The volume number, issue details and inclusive page numbers follow the journal title.
- If a journal does not use volume numbers, include the month, season or other designation after the title.
- The reference list entry for an article in a foreign language can include a translation, in brackets, following the article title e.g. Langhi, C & Cariou, B 2010 'Metabolisme du cholesterol et fonction beta-cellulaire', (Cholesterol metabolism and beta-cell function),